Ontario, Canada. After finishing his orthopedic residency there, Dr. Esses completed two years of fellowship training in spinal surgery, including one year at Harvard University in Boston, Massachusetts, six months at Chiba University in Japan, and six months as a McLaughlin fellow in Europe. Dr. Esses is an internationally recognized expert in the field of spinal disorders who has developed several new surgical techniques and implants for the treatment of spinal problems. Dr. Esses maintains a special interest in workers' compensation injuries. Dr. Esses is certified by the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery and the American Board of Spine Surgeons. He has lectured throughout the world and published numerous articles and book chapters on spine-related problems. Dr. Esses is author of "TEXTBOOK OF SPINAL DISORDERS" which is a standard reference for spinal medical personnel. He is professionally affiliated with American Back Society, Scoliosis Research Society, and North American Spine Society.